Psoriatic arthritis is a type of arthritis that affects certain people with psoriasis, a skin condition distinguished by red patches of skin topped by silvery scales. Most people get psoriasis first and then get psoriatic arthritis, but the joint issues can often start before the skin patches. The primary signs and symptoms of psoriatic arthritis are joint pain, stiffness, and swelling. They can impact any part of your body, including your fingertips and spine, and their severity can vary from mild to extreme. Disease flares and remissions may occur in both psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis.
What are the signs and symptoms of Psoriatic arthritis?
Psoriatic arthritis can progress slowly, with mild symptoms, or rapidly and seriously. Following an injury, some people can develop Psoriatic arthritis in a joint. Genetics can also play a role in growth. Scientists believe that at least 10% of the general population carries one or more genes that cause psoriasis.
Here are seven common symptoms of Psoriatic arthritis:
7. Swollen fingers and toes (dactylitis)
Swelling over the entire length of the fingers and toes, also known as dactylitis, As opposed to rheumatoid arthritis, is a common symptom of psoriatic arthritis. The swelling is usually limited to a joint. There might be a ch to have swelling in your feet and hands before experiencing joint symptoms in PsA.
6. Tender, painful, or swollen joints
Psoriatic arthritis usually affects the elbows, knees, fingertips, toes, and lower back—and if not handled properly, it may cause joint damage. Psa patients may experience joint pain, swelling, and tenderness in one or more joints, as well as stiffness, especially in the morning or after rest.
5. Red, scaly skin patches known as plaques
Psoriatic arthritis skin signs include a rash, thick, red skin, or flaky, silver-white scaly patches, similar to plaque psoriasis. Itching and pain can occur on the skin. Until developing psoriatic arthritis symptoms, up to 85% of people with PsA have skin issues associated with psoriasis.
4. Back and neck pain
As a result of psoriatic arthritis, some people experience back pain, which is known as spondylitis. Spondylitis is distinguished by inflammation of the joints between your vertebrae and the joints between your spine and pelvis (sacroiliitis).
3. Changes to nails:
Your fingernails and toes may become pitted if you have psoriatic arthritis (when depressions form). Furthermore, your nails can become wholly detached from the nail bed.
2. Foot, ankle, and heel pain:
Enthesitis is a condition in which the areas where tendons and ligaments attach to bones become tender and inflamed. This is most commonly seen in the heel (Achilles tendinitis) or at the bottom of the foot (plantar fasciitis).
1. Eye pain:
Some people with psoriatic arthritis experience eye pain and other eye issues such as blurred or disturbed vision and reddened eyes. Conjunctivitis or uveitis may be the cause of these eye symptoms.
How do psoriatic arthritis symptoms impact you?
The pain and discomfort of scaly red skin patches, as well as joint pain, swelling, and stiffness of psoriatic arthritis, may have a negative impact on your daily life, making even the simplest tasks difficult. Finding an excellent comfortable sleeping position can be challenging with PsA.
Some patients experience stiffness upon waking up in the morning that can last for more than 30 minutes. Furthermore, if the joints in the feet, ankles, or knees are affected, simple tasks such as getting out of a chair or walking can be painful. Tell your doctor if you’ve experienced any of the above symptoms or are having difficulty doing things like leaving the bed, cutting food, combing your hair, brushing your teeth, or buttoning your clothes.
What are the causes of psoriatic arthritis?
This condition develops when your immune system attacks healthy cells and tissue. The abnormal immune response causes joint inflammation as well as an overproduction of skin cells. It’s unclear why the immune system attacks healthy tissue, but genetic and environmental factors appear to be involved. Many psoriatic arthritis patients have a family history of psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis. Researchers have identified genetic markers that appear to be linked to psoriatic arthritis. Psoriatic arthritis may be triggered by physical trauma or something in the environment, such as a viral or bacterial infection.
What are the risk factors of psoriatic arthritis?
Several factors can raise your chances of developing psoriatic arthritis, including:
- Psoriasis: Psoriasis is the most critical risk factor for developing psoriatic arthritis. It is more usual in people who have pitted, deformed nails.
- Your family tree: Many people who have psoriatic arthritis have a parent or sibling who also has the disease.
- Your age: While psoriatic arthritis can affect anyone, it is most common in adults between 30 and 50.
How to ease Psoriatic Arthritis symptoms?
With a combination of exercise, medications, and other treatments, you can alleviate your psoriatic arthritis symptoms or even prevent them from occurring. Your doctor will have the ability to tell you precisely what you need to do. These strategies are likely to be near the top of their list, right next to taking your medications.
1. “Get Moving.”
Are you wary of physical activity? Get yourself out there. Just make sure to stick to what your doctor says is safe for you, which will most likely be low-impact activities like walking, swimming, or biking. Make sure to pace yourself as well.
if you make exercise a habit, you will be able to:
- Relieve the symptoms of arthritis.
- Improve your movement.
- Strengthen and flex your muscles.
- Maintain a healthy weight to relieve pressure on your joints.
- Aid your heart.
- Improve your mood.
- Increase your energy levels.
You can work out on your own or with the assistance of a physical therapist. Warm-up first so that your muscles can get used to it. Water therapy, also known as hydrotherapy or aqua therapy, is one of your best options. It’s an exercise program that takes place in a pool. Because the water relieves some of the strain on your joints, you may find it easier to perform well.
Whatever exercise you choose, make sure you enjoy it enough to do it regularly. Also, make an effort to stay active throughout the day. While your child is at sports classes, you can garden, take the dog for an extra walk, and stretch.
Use Hot and Cold: Moist heat can relax achy muscles, relieve stiffness, and relieve joint pain. You can relax with a warm towel, a hot pack, or a warm bath or shower. Cold can reduce swelling and alleviate pain. You can keep cool with a bag of ice or frozen vegetables wrapped in a towel.