- Fatigue is an early symptom of congestive heart failure. While fatigue is a sensitive indicator of underlying congestive heart failure, it is also a nonspecific symptom caused by various other conditions. The individual’s ability to exercise may also deteriorate. Affected individuals may not even notice the decrease, and they may reduce their activities subconsciously to accommodate this limitation. (page 3)
- Sudden, severe shortness of breath, along with coughing up pink and foamy mucus.
- Some patients may be unable to sleep unless they are sitting upright.
- Shortness of breath resulting from the fluid can build up in the lungs, especially during exercise and when lying flat.
- increased urination, particularly at night caused by The extra fluid in the body
- Nausea and decreased appetite Caused by Accumulation of fluid in the liver and intestines
- Rapid or irregular heartbeat
- Persistent cough or wheezing with white or pink blood-tinged phlegm
- Very rapid weight gain from fluid retention
- Abdominal pain
- Difficulty concentrating or decreased alertness
- Swelling (edema) of the ankles, legs, or abdomen may occur as the body becomes overloaded with fluid because of congestive heart failure. This is known as “right-sided heart failure” because the failure of the right-sided heart chambers to pump venous blood to the lungs to obtain oxygen results in the accumulation of this fluid in gravity-dependent areas such as the legs. The most common cause is a long-term left-heart failure, which can lead to secondary right-heart failure.
What are the causes of congestive heart failure?